Sambucus nigra ssp.canadensis (Common Elderberry)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis, also known as Common Elderberry or Black Elder, is a native shrub found throughout much of the United States and Canada. This plant belongs to the Caprifoliaceae family and is known for its small, fragrant, creamy-white flowers and deep purple berries.

Many people wonder if Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis is edible. The answer is yes! The ripe berries can be used to make a variety of delicious foods, including pies, jams, and syrups. The flowers can also be used to make elderflower cordial, a refreshing summer drink. However, it is important to note that the raw berries and other parts of the plant contain cyanide-producing compounds and can be toxic if consumed in large quantities. Therefore, it is recommended to cook the berries before consuming them to remove any potentially harmful compounds.

Sambucus nigra ssp.canadensis Information

Family Caprifoliaceae
Common Names Common Elderberry, Black Elder, Mexican Elderberry, Common Elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco
Native to USA AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY +PR
Native to Canada MB, NB, NS, ON, PE, QC
Introduced to USA HI + VI
Size 12 feet tall

While this plant is not classified as invasive, it can be a vigorous grower and can spread easily through root suckers. Therefore, it is important to manage it properly to prevent it from becoming a problem. If you are considering planting this shrub in your garden, be sure to choose a location where it has plenty of room to grow and where its spread can be controlled.

In summary, Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis is a beautiful and useful shrub that can add value to any garden. With proper management, it can provide a delicious and nutritious harvest of berries and also serve as an attractive landscape plant. Just remember to handle the plant with care and respect its potential for spreading.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Sambucus nigra ssp.canadensis edible?

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis is edible.

Is Sambucus nigra ssp.canadensis an invasive species of plant?

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis is not invasive.