Parthenium hysterophorus (Santa Maria Feverfew)

Parthenium hysterophorus, also known as Santa Maria Feverfew, Ragweed Parthenium, and Whitetop Weed, is a wildflower of the Asteraceae family. It has become an invasive species in many parts of the United States since its introduction to Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Kansas, Louisana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

Parthenium hysterophorus as an invasive species has the potential to take over large areas if left unchecked. It can be identified by its small white flowers that form clusters at the top of tall stems and its deeply divided leaves with serrated edges. While this weed does not provide much benefit, it is important to take steps to manage or remove these plants whenever possible. This could include using herbicides, physical removal of plants, or shading out the weed with taller native species.

Parthenium hysterophorus Information

Family Asteraceae
Common Names Santa Maria Feverfew,  Ragweed Parthenium, Whitetop Weed
Introduced to USA AL, AR, CT, DC, FL, HI, IL, KS, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TX, VA + PR, VI
Size 2 ft tall

Its leaves are alternately arranged and are deeply divided into three lobes with serrated edges. The plant reproduces quickly through underground rhizomes which allow it to spread rapidly throughout an area and outcompete native plants for resources like water and sunlight.

In conclusion, Parthenium hysterophorus is an invasive wildflower that can wreak havoc on local ecosystems if left unchecked so it is important to keep an eye out for this weed and take measures to contain it. With appropriate management and monitoring, native species can be protected from the threat of this weed.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Parthenium hysterophorus edible?

No, Parthenium hysterophorus is not edible.

Is Parthenium hysterophorus an invasive species of plant?

Yes, Parthenium hysterophorus is an invasive species of plant.